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Altmetrics -métricas alternativas-. Publicado el informe final del grupo de expertos

La Comisión Europea ha creado un grupo de expertos, en 2016, para evaluar el uso de Altmetrics -alternativas a la bibliometría tradicional- para la evaluación de las cualidades e impactos de la investigación en un entorno científico abierto, dentro del contexto de la estrategia de Ciencia Abierta (Open Science).

Este grupo de expertos, compuesto por seis miembros, ha publicado el informe final «Next-generation metrics: Responsible metrics and evaluation for open science»

El informe analiza el carácter y uso de la bibiliometría en general y específicamente la alt-metría, así como su utilidad para la evaluación de trabajos de investigació. Concluye con una serie de doce recomendaciones dirigidas a orientar los trabajos futuros en esta áerea por parte de la Plataforma de Política Científica Abierta de la CE, formuladores de políticas de la CE, organismos de financiación de la investigacón y otras partes involucradas:


Fostering open science

  1. Ahead of the launch of its ninth research framework programme (FP9), the EC should provide clear guidelines for the responsible use of metrics in support of open science.
  2. The EC should encourage the development of new indicators, and assess the suitability of existing ones, to measure and support the development of open science.
  3. Before introducing new metrics into evaluation criteria, the EC needs to assess the likely benefits and consequences as part of a programme of ‘meta-research’.

Removing barriers to open science

  1. The adoption and implementation of open science principles and practices should be recognised and rewarded through the European research system.
  2. The EC should highlight how the inappropriate use of indicators (whether conventional or altmetrics or next generation metrics) can impede progress towards open science.
  3. In EU research policymaking, funding and evaluation, metrics derived from private platforms should always be accompanied by open metrics to enable proper validation.
  4. Realising the vision for the European Open Science Cloud (EOSC) will rely on linked meta-data that can become the basis for open, publicly available data infrastructure.
  5. The European research system and Open Science Cloud should adopt ORCID as its preferred system of unique identifiers, and an ORCID iD should be mandatory for all applicants and participants in FP9.
  6. The EC should encourage scholarly publishers across Europe to reduce emphasis on journal impact factors as a promotional tool, and only use them in the context of a variety of metrics that provide a richer view of performance.

Embed open science in society

  1. The EC should identify mechanisms for promoting best practices, frameworks and standards for responsible use of metrics in support of open science.
  2. The agenda of this Expert Group should be taken forward by a European Forum for Next Generation Metrics.

– Informe Final «Next-generation metrics: Responsible metrics and evaluation for open science“

– Estrategia de la Comisión Europea en Open Science